The EU is at the forefront of international efforts to combat climate change. He was instrumental in negotiating the Paris Agreement and continues to demonstrate global leadership. To avoid major changes in life as we know it, global measures must be taken. Hence the Paris Agreement, which sets the ultimate goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius this century. In fact, the seemingly small difference between 1.5 and 2 degrees could have a dramatic impact on low-lying nations and coral reefs. The Paris Agreement establishes a global framework to avoid dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to well below 2°C and working to limit it to 1.5°C. It also aims to strengthen the capacity of countries to cope with the effects of climate change and to support them in their efforts. The Katowice Package, adopted at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP24) in December 2018, contains common and detailed rules, procedures and guidelines that operationalise the Paris Agreement. “I think they`re making their bets to see what kind of better deal they can get out of it, and they`re not really taking off.” This strategy included an energy and climate policy, including the so-called 20/20/20 targets, namely to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 20%, increase the market share of renewable energy to 20% and increase energy efficiency by 20%. [12] Instead of giving China and India a passport to pollution, as Trump claims, the pact is the first time these two major developing countries have made concrete and ambitious climate commitments. Both countries, which are already ready to leave the world ahead in renewable energy, have made significant progress towards achieving their Paris goals. And since Trump announced his intention to withdraw the United States from the deal, the leaders of China and India have reaffirmed their commitment and continued to implement domestic measures to achieve their goals. National communication reports are often several hundred pages long and cover a country`s actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as well as a description of its vulnerabilities and impacts to climate change.

[90] National communications are prepared in accordance with guidelines agreed by the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC. The Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which form the basis of the Paris Agreement, are shorter and less detailed, but also follow a standardized structure and are subject to technical review by experts. Although the United States and Turkey are not party to the agreement because the countries have not declared their intention to withdraw from the 1992 UNFCCC, as Annex 1 countries to the UNFCCC, they will continue to be required to produce national communications and an annual greenhouse gas inventory. [91] The Paris Agreement[3] is an agreement of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on the mitigation, adaptation and financing of greenhouse gas emissions and was signed in 2016. The wording of the Convention was adopted by the representatives of 196 Contracting States to the 21. Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC at Le Bourget near Paris, France, and adopted by consensus on 12 December 2015. [4] [5] By February 2020, the 196 members of the UNFCCC had signed the agreement and 189 had become parties to the agreement. [1] Of the seven countries that are not parties to the law, the only major emitters are Iran and Turkey […].